Toxicology is the specialty that deals with:

  1. the detection of toxic substances that can naturally or accidentally accumulate in the human body
  2. studying the effect these toxins can have on the human body
  3. elimination /detoxification treatment and fixing the consequences of various intoxications

The most commonly known intoxications are those with heavy metals (mercury, lead, cadmium), which most often occur through accidental exposure to a toxic dose, but also due to accumulation in the body through small doses exposure over longer periods of time. Much more frequent than heavy metal intoxications, however, are chronic intoxications with various chemical substances (additives, preservatives, colorants, etc.) that are largely used in industry or food, as well as environmental poisoning through quasi-constant exposure to small doses of pollutants. Recent studies in toxicology have shown that environmental poisoning can have massive harmful effects on people’s health in time. Detoxification therapies include elimination (chelation) of toxic substances, rebalancing of oxidants-antioxidants, reactivating the cellular enzymatic processes blocked by the toxins and lowering toxin digestive absorption.

Approaches during toxicology consultations:

  • patient’s toxicologic profile
  • potential common or environmental intoxication sources
  • assessing the patient’s symptoms and correlating them with possible toxicologic causes
  • planning targeted toxicologic investigations depending on the patient’s symptoms or potential environmental intoxication sources
  • professional poisoning
  • accidental poisoning
  • environmental poisoning
  • designing a complete detoxification plan tailored to the patient’s toxicologic profile
  • nutrition and food toxicology counselling
  • prevention and minimization of environmental poisoning effects

Specialty - Toxicology

Sef de lucrari Dr. Radu Ciprian Tincu

Radu Ciprian Țincu MD, PhD, Clinical Associate Professor